[Part 5/10] Technical SEO: The Backbone of Your Website’s Search Engine Optimisation

Shubam Sumbria
3 min readJun 13, 2023

Search engine optimization (SEO) is optimizing your website to improve its visibility and ranking on search engine result pages (SERPs). During many aspects of SEO focus on the content and structure of your website, technical SEO focuses on the underlying technical factors that contribute to your website’s performance and ranking on search engines.

This article will discuss the critical technical aspects of SEO and how you can optimize them to improve your website’s search engine rankings.

What is technical SEO?

Technical SEO involves optimizing the technical aspects of your website to make it more visible and rank higher on search engine result pages. This includes various factors like website speed, mobile friendliness, crawlability, indexability, and security, which all play a crucial role in improving your website’s search engine rankings.

Website Speed

Website speed is one of the most critical technical factors that influence search engine rankings. Search engines prioritize fast-loading websites, as they provide a better user experience. On the other hand, slow-loading websites can lead to higher bounce rates, lower engagement, and lower search engine rankings.

To improve your website’s speed, you can implement several measures, like compressing images, reducing the number of HTTP requests, minifying CSS and JavaScript, and using a content delivery network (CDN) to distribute your website’s content across multiple servers globally.

Mobile-Friendliness

Mobile friendliness is another critical technical factor that influences search engine rankings. With increasing numbers of users accessing websites from mobile devices, search engines prioritize mobile-friendly websites. A mobile-friendly website is designed to display correctly on various mobile devices, with easy-to-use navigation and explicit content.

To optimize your website for mobile devices, you can use a responsive design that adjusts your website’s layout and content according to the device’s screen size. You can also optimize your images for mobile, prioritize your content for mobile users, and implement mobile-specific features like touch-friendly buttons and forms.

Crawlability

Crawlability refers to the ability of search engine crawlers to access and crawl your website’s content. If search engines can’t crawl your website, they won’t be able to index your content and rank your website in the search results.

To optimize your website’s crawlability, you can create a sitemap that lists all the pages on your website and helps search engines navigate through them. You can also use a robots.txt file to guide search engines to the most critical pages on your website and avoid crawling duplicate content that can harm your search engine rankings.

Indexability

Indexability refers to the ability of search engines to index your website’s content. If search engines can’t index your content, they won’t be able to rank your website in the search results. To optimize your website’s indexability, you can create unique, high-quality content, optimize your title tags and meta descriptions, use descriptive URLs, and avoid duplicate content.

You can also use structured data markup to provide more context and information to search engines about your website’s content, such as its type, author, date, and other metadata that can help search engines better understand your website’s content.

Security

Security is another crucial technical factor that influences search engine rankings. Search engines prioritize secure websites, as certain websites offer a better user experience and protect user data from unauthorized access and theft.

To optimize your website’s security, you can use HTTPS encryption that encrypts all data transmitted between your website and the user’s device, making it harder for attackers to intercept or steal data. You can also regularly update your website’s software and plugins to patch any security vulnerabilities attackers can exploit.

Moreover, you can implement additional security measures like firewalls and antivirus software that can help protect your website and users.

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Until next time, keep learning and growing! 💪🏼🧠

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